International Society for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Biology

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WEDNESDAY, JULY 8  /  11:00 - 12:30  /  DS-M220
Organized session / standard talks
Episodes of history of biology in science education

Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)

The inclusion of history of science in all levels of science education is highly evaluated today by the specialists, not only as a critical component of the scientific literacy, as well as a contribution to teach science as a human construction, subject to sociocultural context. This session seeks to discuss specific cases on history of biology, developed from relevant primary sources and updated secondary sources, and chosen from the Brazilian basic school’ curriculum guidelines and undergraduate curriculum of courses for pre-service Biology teachers. The historical episodes will be presented as part of teaching learning sequences to be designed, validated, implemented and assessed in different specific school and/or university scenarios. The didactic and methodological approaches adopted seek to engage students actively in the scientific thinking and problem-solving of important historical discoveries.

Charles Darwin and the electric fishes: History and nature of science in teaching young people and adults

Gerda Maisa Jensen (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)

This presentation will discuss the way in which electric fishes were studied by different naturalists, from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. The main explanations for the phenomenon will be presented, first considered in the mechanical and corpuscular level, and then electric. The historical account will end up with the special difficulty of Charles Darwin in explain electric fish’ organs belonging to different taxonomic groups according to the principle of natural selection. Finally, socio-cultural assumptions and guidelines objectives will be appointed for planning, validation and implementation of a teaching learning sequence for students of the Brazilian program of Youth and Adult Education.

Alfred Russel Wallace in the classroom: A historical case to learn botany through discursive interactions

Rosa Andrea Lopes de Souza (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)

The voyage of the English naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) to Brazil in the mid-nineteenth century, and his studies of the palm trees in the Amazon region were the basis for the development and implementation of a teaching learning sequence in order to promote the teaching and learning of contents related to biological classification and phylogeny of living beings. The teaching learning sequence, composed of eight classes, was applied to high school students from a public school in São Paulo. The aim of this communication is to present the analysis of the construction of meaning in the social plan of some classes through an analytical tool of discursive interactions between teacher and students. It was used the reference system developed by Mortimer and Scott (2002), based on the teaching focus (teacher's intentions and content of speech in the classroom), communicative approach (dialogical or authority; interactive or non-interactive) and actions (patterns of interaction and teacher intervention). The tool has enabled characterization of the "teaching spiral" articulated between the communicative approaches and worked contents (historical, scientific, and metascientific contents).

Charles Bonnet studies on parthenogenesis in a virtual teaching object for undergraduate students

Filipe Faria Berçot (Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)

The aim of this work is present preliminary stages of the development of a Virtual Learning Object based on a historical episode of the history of biology, the discovery of parthenogenesis in the 18th century by Charles Bonnet and its implications according the theories of the time (preformism and epigenesist). The Virtual Learning Object, conceived upon inquiry-based learning, will be presented as part of a teaching learning sequence for undergraduate students in biology of a public university of São Paulo, Brazil.